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如何在元宇宙里买房?

如何在元宇宙里买房?

MARCO QUIROZ-GUTIERREZ 2021-12-14
元宇宙是指互联网上少数几家构建的完整互动世界平台,其中包括虚拟娱乐和商业。

元宇宙里争夺数字土地的步伐加速,也许大家都想知道如何才能参与。

元宇宙是指互联网上少数几家构建的完整互动世界平台,其中包括虚拟娱乐和商业。在Sandbox和Decentraland两家最大的元宇宙平台上,“土地”数量有限,而且两家公司都表示,永远不会增加土地面积。

为了帮助对此感兴趣的人,《财富》杂志深入挖掘,弄清了在元宇宙购置地产的细节。

数字地块是什么?

决定在平台投资数字地产之前,需要了解数字地块的概念。

多数平台上,“土地”的地块由构成元宇宙世界地图的X和Y坐标表示。每个地块都变成非同质化代币(NFT),由平台直接出售给消费者,或在二级市场出售,其中最受欢迎的二级平台是OpenSea。一旦利用NFT购买地块,销售会记录在给定平台的区块链上,购买者也会成为元宇宙里该地块唯一所有者。

但购买数字地块之前,需要了解购买商品的实质,即虚拟世界里的无形空间。更重要的是,在元宇宙花钱也是押注元宇宙未来发展。

如果元宇宙受欢迎程度继续走高,平台上地产价格可能上涨。但如果在某平台互动的人数减少,或者某种加密货币价格下降,地产价格也可能下降。

数字大概量级如何?

OpenSea的数据显示,截至12月8日,Decentraland地价最低约为3.087以太币(Ether),相当于13675美元。根据OpenSea数据,12月8日早上Sandbox最便宜的地块价值约2.968以太币,约合13135美元。

准备买地

买土地之前,必须设置加密钱包。以太坊钱包MetaMask通常被用以购买元宇宙土地,目前已经被Sandbox、Decentraland和OpenSea所接受。设置MetaMask钱包时,要在手机上或通过谷歌Chrome浏览器扩展程序下载应用。下载MetaMask(或其他加密钱包)后,先创建密码,还可能获得之后用来验证身份的密码短语。一旦创建了加密钱包,就可以在Sandbox或Decentraland上开户。请记住,投资某个元宇宙平台之前先摸清情况很重要。

有了钱包,就要将美元(或其他货币)兑换成加密货币。可以用借记卡或信用卡在MetaMask谷歌Chrome浏览器扩展里方便地购买以太币,也是购买地产最常用的加密货币。MetaMask将引导用户到加密货币承兑商 Wyre或Transak完成购买。请记住,Wyre和Transak在美元兑换成以太坊(或其他类型的加密货币)时都会收取手续费。

寻找合适的地产

钱包里有了加密货币后,就可以开始在各平台上寻找地产。Sandbox和Decentraland都直接出售土地,不过Sandbox上的土地为分批次发布,最近一次是在12月2日。MetaMetric Solutions的联合创始人瑞安·鲍伊表示,由于需求量太大,经常几秒钟就抢购一空。

他说:“今年早些时候,平台每周都会发售,有时两轮之间会间隔一个月,这就是他们推入市场的方式,借助热潮销售。”

最好的选择可能是在OpenSea之类二级市场上购买。在OpenSea上搜索“the Sandbox”,或者在OpenSea上搜索并导航到Decentraland页面,就能找到大量待售土地。

MetaMetric Solutions的联合创始人查德·迪芬德费尔表示,如果选择在二级市场购买,很重要一点寻找经核实的卖家。在OpenSea上,Sandbox和Decentraland已验证的土地都有蓝色标记,购买此类地产最安全。

“谁都能伪造OpenSea、Sandbox或Decentraland土地合同。所以要核实一下,”迪芬德费尔说。

请注意:在元宇宙平台上可能很难找到理想的土地。如果愿意还可以聘请元宇宙经纪人或顾问帮忙寻找。NFT Property Group、MetaMetric Solutions和Metaverse Group等公司可以指派房地产顾问,帮助在特定位置搜索地块,在Sandbox 或Decentraland找到最具价值的地块。如果选择自己购买土地,二级市场WeMeta的界面也非常简单。

“买入之前,考察环境做些研究很值得,因为人们挂牌出售时对提问并没有限制,”鲍伊说。

购买、持有或出售土地

一旦找到想要的房产,通常可以出价或者直接购买。

卖家同意后,土地将显示在买方加密钱包里。鲍伊告诉《财富》杂志,为了确保安全,土地所有者将土地备份到硬件钱包里以防被盗很重要。

迪芬德费尔表示:“硬件钱包实在太重要了,不管是推特(Twitter)还是其他平台,经常能看到NFT、以太坊和各种数字资产被盗的故事,主要原因是很多人没采取适当安全协议。”

硬件钱包是指实体USB驱动器,从钱包中转出资金或NFT时可以添加两步验证,确保土地不会遭到网络钓鱼攻击。用户还可以利用USB访问土地,在额外保护下从全球任何一台计算机安全地出售土地。

用户购买土地后会变成唯一的所有者,土地不再属于所在的元宇宙平台。用户可在Sandbox或Decentraland中访问数字地块,并使用平台提供的建筑基础设施建造物品。也可以像在现实世界一样雇佣开发者或建筑师,专业人士收取费用,然后前往土地上实现所有者的构想。

如果购买地块的平台上价格上涨,可以在OpenSea转售土地。也可以继续持有,看看价格能涨到多高(记住,发布的地块数量有限)。(财富中文网)

译者:梁宇

审校:夏林

元宇宙里争夺数字土地的步伐加速,也许大家都想知道如何才能参与。

元宇宙是指互联网上少数几家构建的完整互动世界平台,其中包括虚拟娱乐和商业。在Sandbox和Decentraland两家最大的元宇宙平台上,“土地”数量有限,而且两家公司都表示,永远不会增加土地面积。

为了帮助对此感兴趣的人,《财富》杂志深入挖掘,弄清了在元宇宙购置地产的细节。

数字地块是什么?

决定在平台投资数字地产之前,需要了解数字地块的概念。

多数平台上,“土地”的地块由构成元宇宙世界地图的X和Y坐标表示。每个地块都变成非同质化代币(NFT),由平台直接出售给消费者,或在二级市场出售,其中最受欢迎的二级平台是OpenSea。一旦利用NFT购买地块,销售会记录在给定平台的区块链上,购买者也会成为元宇宙里该地块唯一所有者。

但购买数字地块之前,需要了解购买商品的实质,即虚拟世界里的无形空间。更重要的是,在元宇宙花钱也是押注元宇宙未来发展。

如果元宇宙受欢迎程度继续走高,平台上地产价格可能上涨。但如果在某平台互动的人数减少,或者某种加密货币价格下降,地产价格也可能下降。

数字大概量级如何?

OpenSea的数据显示,截至12月8日,Decentraland地价最低约为3.087以太币(Ether),相当于13675美元。根据OpenSea数据,12月8日早上Sandbox最便宜的地块价值约2.968以太币,约合13135美元。

准备买地

买土地之前,必须设置加密钱包。以太坊钱包MetaMask通常被用以购买元宇宙土地,目前已经被Sandbox、Decentraland和OpenSea所接受。设置MetaMask钱包时,要在手机上或通过谷歌Chrome浏览器扩展程序下载应用。下载MetaMask(或其他加密钱包)后,先创建密码,还可能获得之后用来验证身份的密码短语。一旦创建了加密钱包,就可以在Sandbox或Decentraland上开户。请记住,投资某个元宇宙平台之前先摸清情况很重要。

有了钱包,就要将美元(或其他货币)兑换成加密货币。可以用借记卡或信用卡在MetaMask谷歌Chrome浏览器扩展里方便地购买以太币,也是购买地产最常用的加密货币。MetaMask将引导用户到加密货币承兑商 Wyre或Transak完成购买。请记住,Wyre和Transak在美元兑换成以太坊(或其他类型的加密货币)时都会收取手续费。

寻找合适的地产

钱包里有了加密货币后,就可以开始在各平台上寻找地产。Sandbox和Decentraland都直接出售土地,不过Sandbox上的土地为分批次发布,最近一次是在12月2日。MetaMetric Solutions的联合创始人瑞安·鲍伊表示,由于需求量太大,经常几秒钟就抢购一空。

他说:“今年早些时候,平台每周都会发售,有时两轮之间会间隔一个月,这就是他们推入市场的方式,借助热潮销售。”

最好的选择可能是在OpenSea之类二级市场上购买。在OpenSea上搜索“the Sandbox”,或者在OpenSea上搜索并导航到Decentraland页面,就能找到大量待售土地。

MetaMetric Solutions的联合创始人查德·迪芬德费尔表示,如果选择在二级市场购买,很重要一点寻找经核实的卖家。在OpenSea上,Sandbox和Decentraland已验证的土地都有蓝色标记,购买此类地产最安全。

“谁都能伪造OpenSea、Sandbox或Decentraland土地合同。所以要核实一下,”迪芬德费尔说。

请注意:在元宇宙平台上可能很难找到理想的土地。如果愿意还可以聘请元宇宙经纪人或顾问帮忙寻找。NFT Property Group、MetaMetric Solutions和Metaverse Group等公司可以指派房地产顾问,帮助在特定位置搜索地块,在Sandbox 或Decentraland找到最具价值的地块。如果选择自己购买土地,二级市场WeMeta的界面也非常简单。

“买入之前,考察环境做些研究很值得,因为人们挂牌出售时对提问并没有限制,”鲍伊说。

购买、持有或出售土地

一旦找到想要的房产,通常可以出价或者直接购买。

卖家同意后,土地将显示在买方加密钱包里。鲍伊告诉《财富》杂志,为了确保安全,土地所有者将土地备份到硬件钱包里以防被盗很重要。

迪芬德费尔表示:“硬件钱包实在太重要了,不管是推特(Twitter)还是其他平台,经常能看到NFT、以太坊和各种数字资产被盗的故事,主要原因是很多人没采取适当安全协议。”

硬件钱包是指实体USB驱动器,从钱包中转出资金或NFT时可以添加两步验证,确保土地不会遭到网络钓鱼攻击。用户还可以利用USB访问土地,在额外保护下从全球任何一台计算机安全地出售土地。

用户购买土地后会变成唯一的所有者,土地不再属于所在的元宇宙平台。用户可在Sandbox或Decentraland中访问数字地块,并使用平台提供的建筑基础设施建造物品。也可以像在现实世界一样雇佣开发者或建筑师,专业人士收取费用,然后前往土地上实现所有者的构想。

如果购买地块的平台上价格上涨,可以在OpenSea转售土地。也可以继续持有,看看价格能涨到多高(记住,发布的地块数量有限)。(财富中文网)

译者:梁宇

审校:夏林

As the digital land grab accelerates in the metaverse, you may be wondering how you can get in on the action.

The metaverse refers to a handful of platforms on the internet that have built interactive worlds complete with virtual entertainment and businesses. There are only a limited number of plots of “land” in the two biggest metaverse platforms, the Sandbox and Decentraland, and both companies have said that they will never create more.

For those who are interested, Fortune dug into the nitty-gritty to figure out how to buy real estate in the metaverse.

What is a digital plot?

Before you decide to invest in digital real estate on any platform, you need to understand what a digital plot is.

On most platforms, plots of “land” are represented by X and Y coordinates on a map that makes up the entirety of a metaverse world. Each plot is turned into an NFT, which is sold either directly by the platform to a consumer, or by a secondary marketplace, the most popular of which is OpenSea. Once you buy a plot through an NFT, your sale is recorded on the blockchain of the given platform, and you become the sole owner of that piece of land within the metaverse.

But before you buy a digital plot of land, you need to come to terms with what it really is: an intangible space within a virtual world. And more important, buying into the metaverse is a bet on the future of the metaverse itself.

If the metaverse continues to become more popular, the price of the properties on platforms could increase. But the price of land could also drop if fewer people interact with a particular platform, or the price of a certain cryptocurrency drops.

What kinds of numbers are we talking about?

The minimum price for land in Decentraland, as of Wednesday, was about 3.087 Ether, or the equivalent of $13,675, according to OpenSea. The cheapest piece of land in the Sandbox on Wednesday morning was worth about 2.968 Ether, according to OpenSea, or about $13,135.

Preparing to buy land

Before you buy land, you have to set up a crypto wallet. One wallet commonly used to buy land is called MetaMask, and it’s accepted by the Sandbox, Decentraland, and OpenSea. To set up a MetaMask wallet, you will need to download the app on your phone or via the Google Chrome browser extension. After you download MetaMask (or another kind of crypto wallet), you will be asked to create a password and will likely be given a secret phrase which you’ll use to verify your identity later on. Once you’ve created a crypto wallet you can use that wallet to open an account on the Sandbox or Decentraland. And remember, it’s important to explore a given metaverse platform before you invest in it.

Once you get a wallet, you will need to exchange U.S. dollars (or whatever currency you’re using) for a cryptocurrency. You can easily buy Ether, the most commonly used crypto for land purchases, in the MetaMask Google Chrome extension using your debit or credit card. MetaMask will direct you to the crypto exchanges Wyre or Transak to complete the purchase. Keep in mind that both Wyre and Transak charge a processing fee for converting U.S. dollars to Ether (or other types of cryptocurrencies).

Searching for the right property

Once you have crypto in your wallet you can begin scouting properties on different platforms. The Sandbox and Decentraland both sell land directly, but on the Sandbox land is released by the company in waves, the most recent of which was on Dec. 2. Because of high demand, these waves often sell out in seconds, said Ryan Baue, cofounder of MetaMetric Solutions.

“Earlier this year, they were doing them every week,” he said. “Sometimes there’s a month between waves, but that’s kind of how they get into the marketplace, is through those primary wave sales.”

Your best bet may be to buy land on a secondary marketplace like OpenSea. Searching for “the Sandbox” on OpenSea or searching and navigating to the Decentraland page on OpenSea will bring up plenty of parcels that are for sale.

Chad Diefenderfer, a cofounder of MetaMetric Solutions, said it’s important to look for verified sellers of land if you’re buying on a secondary marketplace. Verified land in the Sandbox and Decentraland will have a blue checkmark by the offering on OpenSea, and it’s the safest option for buying real estate.

“Anyone can spin up fake OpenSea or Sandbox or Decentraland contracts. So just verify what you’re doing,” said Diefenderfer.

Be warned: It may be difficult to find land exactly where you want to buy it within a metaverse platform. If you want, you can also hire a metaverse broker or consultant to help you search. Companies such as NFT Property Group, MetaMetric Solutions, and Metaverse Group can assign you a real estate consultant to help search for plots in specific locations, or find the best value plots in the Sandbox or Decentraland. The secondary marketplace WeMeta also offers a simple interface for buying land if you choose to do so on your own.

“It really pays to look around and do your research before you buy anything because there’s no limit to what people can ask when they list these for sale,” Baue said.

Buying, holding, or selling your land

Once you’ve found the property you want you can usually put in a bid or buy it outright.

Once the purchase is approved by the seller, the land will appear in your crypto wallet. For security, Baue told Fortune that it’s important for landowners to back up their land onto a hardware wallet to protect against theft.

“I can’t emphasize enough the importance of a hardware wallet,” Diefenderfer said. “Twitter and various other places are just stacked with stories of people getting NFT, ETH, and various digital assets stolen from them because they’re not taking the proper safety protocols.”

A hardware wallet is a physical USB drive that you can use to protect your land from phishing attempts by adding two-step verification for whenever funds or NFTs are transferred out of your wallet. You can also use the drive to access the land to sell it securely from any computer in the world with an extra layer of protection.

After you buy your land you are the sole owner, not the metaverse platform it’s on. You can visit your digital plot in the Sandbox or Decentraland and build things with the platforms’ building infrastructure. You can also hire a developer or architect—just like in the physical world—who will come to your land and build out your vision for a fee.

If the price of land increases on the platform where you bought your plot, you could also resell your land on OpenSea. Or you can hold on to it and see just how high the price will go (remember, only a limited number of plots will ever be released).

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