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加密货币犯罪涉案金额创历史新高,达140亿美元

加密货币犯罪涉案金额创历史新高,达140亿美元

Jonathan Vanian 2022-01-12
考虑到加密货币的使用愈发广泛,越来越多的网络罪犯开始使用加密货币。

2021年,全球加密货币犯罪涉案金额达到惊人的140亿美元,比上年增加79%,创下历史新高。

然而,区块链研究机构Chainalysis在1月6日发布的一份报告中显示,2021年,涉嫌犯罪的加密货币交易数量占交易总量的比例为0.15%,与2020年的0.62%相比,下降幅度较大。报告作者指出,加密货币的合法使用增长迅速,“涨幅远远超过非法使用”,“非法活动在加密货币交易总量占比达到历史新低。”

该报告表示,2021年加密货币交易总额同比增长567%,达到15.8万亿美元。

报告称:“考虑到加密货币的使用愈发广泛,越来越多的网络罪犯开始使用加密货币,也就不足为奇了。但令人最惊讶的一点是,使用加密货币的网络犯罪占所有网络犯罪的比例仅增长了79%,几乎比大众普遍能够接受的程度还低一个数量级。”

不过,Chainalysis报告的作者也指出,140亿美元的涉案金额也产生了重大影响,“严重阻碍加密货币今后的推广;可能会让各国政府出台更多限制政策;最糟的是,全世界很多无辜民众都遭受了损失。”

报告作者估计,自从DeFi(去中心化金融)兴起,对加密货币的炒作也随之展开,盈利的诱惑日显,因此被越来越多的不法分子利用,去欺骗那些被加密货币吸引的人。Chainalysis估计,在140亿美元的涉案金额中,约有78亿美元与诈骗有关。

例如,在一个名为“拉地毯”(rug pull)的骗局中,不法分子从众多受害人处骗取了28亿美元。他们通过上线看似合法的加密货币项目,引诱受害者投资。报告称,除土耳其加密货币交易所Thodex涉嫌重大诈骗之外,其它所有骗局都与虚假的DeFi项目有关。

报告称:“在几乎所有案例中,虚假DeFi项目的开发者都通过欺骗投资者购买与项目相关的代币,去榨干受害人的投资工具。最后,投资者们购买的代币,价值也会被清零。”

报告作者表示,投资用DeFi代币的代码需接受诸多第三方审计。尽管如此,但犯罪分子拥有“某些特定技术”,可以“铸造新DeFi代币,甚至无需进行代码审计,就能够在交易所上市。”这意味着投资者可能会受骗。他们觉得自己投资的DeFi代币是经过审计的,但实际上却只不过是一个骗局。(财富中文网)

译者:Transn

2021年,全球加密货币犯罪涉案金额达到惊人的140亿美元,比上年增加79%,创下历史新高。

然而,区块链研究机构Chainalysis在1月6日发布的一份报告中显示,2021年,涉嫌犯罪的加密货币交易数量占交易总量的比例为0.15%,与2020年的0.62%相比,下降幅度较大。报告作者指出,加密货币的合法使用增长迅速,“涨幅远远超过非法使用”,“非法活动在加密货币交易总量占比达到历史新低。”

该报告表示,2021年加密货币交易总额同比增长567%,达到15.8万亿美元。

报告称:“考虑到加密货币的使用愈发广泛,越来越多的网络罪犯开始使用加密货币,也就不足为奇了。但令人最惊讶的一点是,使用加密货币的网络犯罪占所有网络犯罪的比例仅增长了79%,几乎比大众普遍能够接受的程度还低一个数量级。”

不过,Chainalysis报告的作者也指出,140亿美元的涉案金额也产生了重大影响,“严重阻碍加密货币今后的推广;可能会让各国政府出台更多限制政策;最糟的是,全世界很多无辜民众都遭受了损失。”

报告作者估计,自从DeFi(去中心化金融)兴起,对加密货币的炒作也随之展开,盈利的诱惑日显,因此被越来越多的不法分子利用,去欺骗那些被加密货币吸引的人。Chainalysis估计,在140亿美元的涉案金额中,约有78亿美元与诈骗有关。

例如,在一个名为“拉地毯”(rug pull)的骗局中,不法分子从众多受害人处骗取了28亿美元。他们通过上线看似合法的加密货币项目,引诱受害者投资。报告称,除土耳其加密货币交易所Thodex涉嫌重大诈骗之外,其它所有骗局都与虚假的DeFi项目有关。

报告称:“在几乎所有案例中,虚假DeFi项目的开发者都通过欺骗投资者购买与项目相关的代币,去榨干受害人的投资工具。最后,投资者们购买的代币,价值也会被清零。”

报告作者表示,投资用DeFi代币的代码需接受诸多第三方审计。尽管如此,但犯罪分子拥有“某些特定技术”,可以“铸造新DeFi代币,甚至无需进行代码审计,就能够在交易所上市。”这意味着投资者可能会受骗。他们觉得自己投资的DeFi代币是经过审计的,但实际上却只不过是一个骗局。(财富中文网)

译者:Transn

Criminals scored a whopping $14 billion in cryptocurrency in 2021, marking an all-time high and a 79% increase from the previous year.

At the same time, however, the rate of crypto-related crimes fell from 0.62% of all crypto transactions in 2020 to 0.15% in 2021, according to a report on January 6 by blockchain research firm Chainalysis. The authors said the growth of legitimate cryptocurrency use is “far outpacing the growth of criminal usage” and that “illicit activity’s share of cryptocurrency transaction volume has never been lower."

The report said total crypto total transaction volume grew to $15.8 trillion in 2021, up 567% from the previous year.

“Given that roaring adoption, it’s no surprise that more cybercriminals are using cryptocurrency,” the report said. “But the fact that the increase was just 79%—nearly an order of magnitude lower than overall adoption—might be the biggest surprise of all.”

Still, the Chainalysis authors noted the significance of the $14 billion criminal activity figure, which “creates huge impediments for continued adoption, heightens the likelihood of restrictions being imposed by governments, and worst of all victimizes innocent people around the world.”

The authors suspect that the rise of DeFi, or decentralized finance, has led to more criminals taking advantage of people who are lured by the hype surrounding crypto. Chainalysis estimates that about $7.8 billion of the overall $14 billion worth of criminal activity is from scams.

For instance, in a scam called a rug pull, bad actors stole $2.8 billion from victims who funded their seemingly legitimate cryptocurrency projects. The report said every rug pull besides one major scam involving the fraudulent Thodex centralized exchange was related to a sham DeFi project.

“In nearly all of these cases, developers have tricked investors into purchasing tokens associated with a DeFi project before draining the tools provided by those investors, sending the token’s value to zero in the process,” the report said.

The authors said while many third parties perform audits of the code that power certain DeFi tokens that people can speculate on, criminals with “the right technical skills” can “create new DeFi tokens and get them listed on exchanges, even without a code audit.” This means that investors could be duped into thinking they are speculating on DeFi tokens that have been audited but that are actually part of a scam.

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